Topically, sociologists contribute to research on inequality and stratification, culture, family, markets, politics and power, identity, status, migration, labor and work, health, the environment, and globalization.Late-20th- and early-21st-century sociological work on food is characterized by two overlapping threads: food systems (derived in part from scholarship on agricultural production and applied extension as well as environmental, developmental, and rural sociology) and food politics, identity, and culture (which reveals social anthropological and cultural-historical undertones).
Other sociological models created analogies between social change and the West’s technological progress.
Today sociologists of food display considerable diversity in their theoretical approaches, research methods, and empirical foci.
Sociologists draw upon both classic and contemporary sociological theorists to study food’s production, distribution, and consumption as well as how food and eating are integrated into social institutions, systems, and networks.
For example, wearing casual clothes to class is normal on many campuses.
Attending class in your European Bikini might not be normal for some.
Deviance is not as easily defined and established as some might think (especially if you are sensitive to cultural relativism and ethnocentrism).